A Guide To Arthritis

What is Arthritis? 

When tenderness and swelling appear in some joints of a person then this type of disease is known as Arthritis. Joint pains, redness, and stiffness are mainly the symptoms of arthritis that commonly worsen with age.  Arthritis is more than 100 different types with different treatment methods and also different causes. But generally, osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are the two most common types of arthritis. Most commonly arthritis is seen in adults over the age of 65 years, but rarely in children, teens, and younger adults, this disease can also develop. This disease is most common in women in comparison to men and also in people who are overweight. 

Symptoms Of Arthritis 

Most of the signs and symptoms of arthritis are visible in joints. Signs and symptoms that are depending on the types of arthritis include: Range 

  • Inflammation 
  • Pain 
  • Stiffness
  • Redness 
  • Warmth 
  • Tenderness  
  • Decreased of motion 

Causes 

Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis are the two main types of arthritis that damage joints in their ways. 

Osteoarthritis

Wear and tear damage of joints cartilage that is the hard, slick coating on the ends of bones where they form a joint are take place in osteoarthritis. Inflammation of the joint lining also causes by osteoarthritis. This wear and tear can speed up by a joint infection or a joint injury. It also affects the entire joints of the body. Connective tissues that attach muscle to bone and hold the joint together have deteriorated and also some changes in the bones are caused by it. 

Rheumatoid arthritis

The immune system of a body that has rheumatoid arthritis attacks the lining of the joint capsule and a tough membrane that encloses all the joint parts. Inflammation and swallowing of the synovial membrane are also taken place in this type of arthritis. Destruction of cartilage and bone within the joints can eventually take place in this disease process. 

Diagnosis  

The first step towards the treatment of arthritis is diagnosis. Some tests that are necessary for the process of diagnosis are- 

Tests like x-rays– In the process of osteoarthritis diagnosis, X-rays are most helpful. It often showing some bone stimulation, cartilage loss, and bone rubbing against bone in some severe cases. 

Test joint fluid– If a doctor suspects some infection in arthritis that can create some complicated disease, then testing the fluid sample from the infected joint will usually confirm the diagnosis and also helps to determine that how the disease will be treated. 

Test blood or urine– These types of tests are used to determine what type of arthritis a person has and also helps to determine the other diseases as the cause of your symptoms. Most of the people with rheumatoid arthritis have rheumatoid factors, though RF may also be present in other disorders.  In addition, a newer test that measures the levels of antibodies in the blood is known as the anti-CPP test. It is more specific in comparison to other tests. The presence of these antibodies may also be used to predict which people will get more severe rheumatoid arthritis. 

Treatment 

The major aim for the treatment of arthritis is to reduce pain, minimize joint damage, and maintain or improve life. Medicines and lifestyle strategies help in achieving this and protect joints from further damage. 

Medications

Pain-reducing medications, physical activities, weight loss, and self-management education helps in the treatment of a non-inflammatory type of arthritis. Therefore, this treatment can also be used to treat inflammatory arthritis such as RA, with non-inflammatory medications such as corticosteroids. 

Natural Remedies

Good and healthy food, a balanced diet, exercise can help people to reduce the pain in joints and many other symptoms. Avoiding smoking and drinking is also a very effective way to reduce arthritis. 

Diet

Make a proper diet plan as it is compulsory for this disease. You can make a proper diet plan and follow it. Here are some food products that contain sufficient proteins for the diet- 

  • Fish 
  • Nuts and seeds 
  • Fruits and vegetables 
  • Oil 
  • Olives
  • Whole grains 

Conclusion 

Arthritis is the swelling in one or more joints that leads to pain in the joints. Due to pain in joints, people are unable to walk, do their work properly. The pain is severe. In many cases bones of the joints are extended because of this the fluid consistency is reduced which leads to the rupture of bones one onto the other. The person with arthritis should follow all the precautions properly like- they should not walk regularly, do the exercise for joints also properly. Also, they should increase vitamin D and calcium in their diets. In addition, the bone density of a person is inversely proportional to age. As you grow old the bone density decreases. So, one should follow the proper diet and take proper medication as prescribed by the doctor. They should not move up to the stairs as it will be dangerous for their bones. 

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