Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)- Symptoms And Treatment

ADHD is the abbreviation for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It’s a psychological disorder that causes impulsive and hyperactive behaviors in affected individuals. Therefore, it’s essential to resolve the problems of ADHD in the childhood of the affected kids to nullify negative and inappropriate behaviors.

Research suggests that a decrease in the levels of dopamine leads to ADHD. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter required in emotional response and movement. In addition, changes in the structure of the brain also lead to ADHD. Also, reduction in the gray matter can affect speech, decision-making, and muscle control. ADHD is not a learning disorder instead it is a mental health disease.

Symptoms Of ADHD 

The signs and symptoms of ADHD are divided as follows:

  • Inattention
  • Hyperactivity and impulsivity
  • Combined

ADHD symptoms

Symptoms Of Inattention (unable to concentrate)

An ADHD child displays symptoms of inattention. Such children show the following signs.

  1. Trouble to concentrate on tasks and activities
  2. Completely ignoring the speaker
  3. Unable to pay attention to the details in required activities or school work
  4. Distracted easily
  5. Avoid tasks that require attention and concentration
  6. Unable to follow instructions
  7. Early side-tracked

Symptoms Of Hyperactivity And Impulsive Behavior (unable to rest)

In addition, an ADHD child can also display signs and symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity.

  1. Talking excessively
  2. Difficult and impulsive behavior while waiting for their turn
  3. Interrupting others constantly
  4. Unable to sit quietly
  5. Running or climbing in inappropriate situations
  6. Fidgeting, tapping, squirming in their seats
  7. Sudden outbursts of anger

Symptoms Of ADHD In Adults 

  1. Anxiety and depression
  2. Lack of concentration during work
  3. Impulsiveness
  4. Substance abuse or addiction
  5. Increased alcohol consumption
  6. Problems in maintaining relationships
  7. Unorganized work

Child therapy for ADHD

Treatment Options For ADHD 

There’s no direct cure for ADHD. However, various options are available to manage the brain and behavior of affected children and adults. So, the treatment methods depend on the age and severity of the disease.

 Medications 

Various stimulant and non-stimulant medications are used to cure ADHD. Stimulant medications help by increasing the dopamine and norepinephrine chemicals in the body. They help to increase the concentration levels of children and make them attentive. If stimulant medications don’t work, non-stimulants are given to the patients. They help in dealing with memory, concentration, and attention. However, stimulant and non-stimulant medications can cause side effects such as

  • Headache, weight loss, digestion problems, nervousness, irritation, and dry mouth are some of the side effects.
  • Stimulants can cause an elevation in blood pressure, allergic reactions, and hallucinations.
  • Non-stimulants can cause seizures and social thoughts.

Therapeutic Treatment Options 

Psychotherapy

It’s a treatment option to cure individuals affected by ADHD. So, psychotherapy helps the children to manage their behavior with peers and authority figures.

Social Skill Training 

Another technique that helps treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is social skill training. The behaviors such as sharing things (stationery items or toys), asking for help, and waiting for a turn are addressed with this treatment.

Parenting Training 

Parents are given special training to understand and manage the irrational behavior of their children. A therapist may ask them to give immediate rewards for appropriate or desirable behaviors. In addition, stress management techniques and timeout methods are taught to the parents.

Parenting Tips To Manage ADHD Children 

Manage the behavior of the child by negative and positive reinforcement methods. Reward and encourage the desirable and appropriate behavior and punish the bad or inappropriate behaviors. Furthermore, parents need to manage the aggression and disruptive behaviors of ADHD children by using ‘Time-out’. So, it helps to calm the overactive child decisively. It can be easy to prepare a structural plan of daily tasks and activities required to be accomplished. Also, give proper breaks and nutritious food to your child. Parents must ensure that ADHD children spend less time with electronic gadgets. Encouraging exercising can help to reduce impulsive behaviors. In addition, exercises are a great way to boost concentration and blood circulation. Furthermore, regular exercise can help to fight anxiety and stress.

ADHD

Conclusion 

To conclude, ADHD is the abbreviation for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The decrease in the levels of dopamine leads to ADHD. In addition, changes in the structure of the brain also lead to ADHD. Reduction in the gray matter can affect speech, decision-making, and muscle control. ADHD is not a learning disorder rather a mental health disease. Therefore, the signs and symptoms of ADHD are divided into three categories- inattention, hyperactivity & impulsivity, and combined. ADHD causes nxiety, depression, low self-esteem, procrastination, frustration, trouble in managing the relationship, forgetting things, not respecting deadlines, and mood swings. Hence, various stimulant and non-stimulant medications help to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. So, such medicines increase the dopamine and norepinephrine chemicals in the body to manage the brain and behavior. In addition, various treatments are also available such as psychotherapy, social skill training, and group sessions.

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