A lot of people have heard the term PCOD but do not know what it exactly is. Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD) are hormone disorders that occur in women. The most common age of having PCOD is the reproductive age. The common symptoms of these diseases are irregular periods, weight gain, and hair loss. There is surprisingly an increase in the number of women suffering from PCOD in the last decade. When there are health conditions, having misconceptions about them is common.
Today we are sharing some things that you never knew about PCOD.
Difference between PCOD and PCOS
The most common perception about these conditions is that both are the same. But that is not true. PCOD and PCOS are two different things. Both are similar but not the same. As we know, women have two ovaries that release an egg alternately every month. The ovaries also produce the male hormones- androgens in minute quantities. Both in PCOD and PCOS, ovaries release high amounts of androgen. But the development of cyst in PCOD takes place due to the release of a lot of immature or partially mature eggs. Eventually, these eggs turn into cysts. The ovaries usually become enlarged due to cysts. Abdominal weight gain, irregular periods, male pattern hair loss, and infertility are some of the common symptoms.
The best treatment for PCOD often reduces the severity of such symptoms. Whereas in PCOS the high amounts of androgen interfere with the development and release of the eggs. Some of the eggs develop into cysts. These cysts build up in the ovaries and even get enlarged many times, instead of being released during ovulation.
Where PCOD is the condition of hormonal imbalance. PCOS is a disorder of the endocrine system. It is a belief that hormonal imbalances and genetics play an essential role in both conditions. Theoretically, high levels of male hormones prevent ovaries from producing hormones and producing eggs normally. Also, Insulin resistance and inflammation have been linked to excess androgen production.
These are Rare Conditions
Though perceived to be a rare condition, you will be surprised to know the number of cases of PCOD. About 5% -10% of U.S. women aged between 12-45 years of age have either PCOD. Hence, not so rare of the conditions. As per the PCOS Foundation, less than half of all women with PCOS are diagnosed correctly. This means that millions of women are unaware of their condition.
Only Overweight women have PCOD
Another mistake that people make. PCOD has nothing to do with the weight of the person. They are hormonal disorders. You can have either of these diseases whether you are underweight, have an ideal weight, or overweight. Due to this mistake, people often ignore the symptoms that they have. It could easily be PCOD. Do not think that you have a lean body so you cannot have this condition. If you feel you have some symptoms visit a gynecologist immediately.
Do irregular periods mean PCOD?
You can have irregular periods due to many reasons. You do not need to have either PCOD. There are various reasons for irregular periods. It could be an unbalanced diet or hormonal change. If your diet is not balanced, then your periods will be irregular. Also, women who face problems of uterus fibroid or pelvic inflammatory conditions can experience some irregularities in their period. Therefore, stressing and thinking about having certain things is not fair for yourself. If you want to know why your periods are irregular, have a diagnosis. Do not assume things that will cause you stress and anxiety.
Women suffering from either cannot conceive
Another thing that people assume. But that is not true. Unknown to many, women with either PCOD can conceive. But they will have slight difficulty when trying to conceive. It is because of ovulation, hormonal or egg quality issues. The doctors emphasize eating a balanced diet, exercising, sleeping on time, managing stress levels, and drinking enough water. If you take care of these five things when trying to conceive, you will increase your chances of getting pregnant.
Losing weight might help to get rid of PCOD
Losing weight seems the solution of PCOD to most people. But what they do not know is losing weight is not the only solution. It will not help you to get rid of either of these diseases. There are several reasons for a person to have PCOD. Therefore, along with losing weight, you have to do a lot more. Also, as mentioned above, these are hormonal diseases. And weight is not the only factor. These are also known as lifestyle diseases. So along with losing weight, you have to make significant lifestyle changes for better results.
Now you are familiar with lots of things about PCOD. These are important to be checked with your doctor. There are a lot of presumed solutions of PCOD but it is not mandatory that they work. These can cause a lot of discomfort to you and your loved ones. Therefore, support your mothers, sisters, wives, friends who go through this. Support them. Make them happy and they will pass this phase of their lives without any difficulties.
Myths are present in every step of your life. So, how can healthcare be an exception? There are endless myths about healthcare. Some are pass down from generation to generation, and some are accepted by science previously. These are tried and tested through time. Some are even a fact. But all others are just mere fantasy. Today, we are here to debunk some of these myths, which gives you a lot of unnecessary stress.
Cracking joints leads to arthritis
It is one of the most common myths which people hear and believe. First, let us understand how we hear the cracking sound from the joints. We have the synovial fluid around the joints. When someone is cracking their joints, space creates between two joints. It causes the formation of the air bubble of synovial fluid. This bubble pops, creating a cracking sound. As for arthritis, it develops when the cartilage within the joint breaks down. It allows the bones to rub together, causing pain. Therefore, there is no relation between joint cracking and arthritis. But it can lead to the wearing down of the synovial membrane, and your joints will be easier to crack. Also, your can swell, and your grip will be loose. So, if you like the sound of joints cracking, do it less frequently.
All fat is bad
From the moment you hear the word “fat,” an assumption is made on the spot about it being not good for health. So, many people follow a fat-free diet. But the truth is your body needs fat. If you remove fat from your diet, you will face problems like the risk of heart disease and cancer. Fat is the cushion of the body. It keeps the body warm and provides energy to it. Some dietary fats absorb fat-soluble vitamins. Monounsaturated fats cut the risk of heart disease and lower blood cholesterol. Nuts and vegetable oils contain monounsaturated fats. Another type that is good for the heart is polyunsaturated fat. It contains omega-3 fatty acids found in fishes like salmon and trout. Therefore, including fat in your diet is essential. Avoid the fats like trans and saturated fats which causes different health problems.
Symptoms of thyroid are obvious
Another common myth is, symptoms of thyroid disease are evident. But the truth is, like any other disease, thyroid disease symptoms can be subtle and easily overlooked. The common symptoms are weight gain or loss, fatigue or irritability, and cold or hot sensitivity. These symptoms can be of other diseases. According to the doctors, the thyroid can be tricky to detect due to subtle symptoms. Therefore, you should get yourself regularly tested. Especially, if you have a family history with the diseases. You can have subtle symptoms, and with early diagnosis, they can be cured.
Hormonal problems after 40- Menopause
If you are a woman above 40 and you are having some hormonal problem. The most convenient answer you will get is menopause. But menopause is not always the case. Many women experience problems, like the fluctuation of hormones during this time. These changes can affect thyroid function also. Therefore, consult your doctor about any physical and mental changes you are experiencing. Also, get your tests done to know the problems.
Having HIV is a death sentence
The most common perception about HIV is that people who do have it cannot have an average human lifespan. Well, it is not true. According to Dr. Michael Horberg, national director of HIV/AIDS for Kaiser Permanente, “with proper treatment, we now expect people with HIV to live a normal life span.” Therefore, even if you are diagnosed with HIV, you do not have to worry about anything. If you are a person with good access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), you can expect to live a normal life span. But you also have to take your medicines on time.
Myths are one of the main reasons why people get the wrong diagnosis. It is always better to talk to a professional and get yourself rightly the right diagnosis. Sometimes it is just a small thing just because of a certain myth we tend to exaggerate it. Now that you know what kinds of health myths exist, you can easily avoid them. You do not have to worry about the stories passed down from generation to generation. Just follow a proper, balanced diet, you will be healthy and happy. Also, if you are facing some problems, consult the doctor, not the myths or the internet.