Understanding Breast Cancer

Understanding Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer refers to the melanoma that originates from the breast cells or breast tissues. Even though breast cancer can be developed for both men and women, it is far more common in women.

In the United States, a huge number of women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year. However, the fatality rate of breast cancer diminished exponentially thanks to the awareness of early screening and the technological advancement of the treatment procedure.

Symptoms

  • A somewhat rubbery hard lump or a clot that seems unusual in contrast to the adjacent cells tissues
  • Any kind of depression or concavity of the breast or the nipple
  • Sudden breast-skin or nipple-skin nipple flaking off
  • Breast skin becoming red
  • Change in size and shape of the breast
  • Rash around the nipple

Causes

An exact cause of breast cancer is not all clear to doctors. However, abnormal growth of the breast cells and some hormonal and environmental issues in addition to certain lifestyle factors may increase the risk of breast cancer.

Diagnosis

  • Physical Breast Exam Doctor will look for any lump or abnormalities on your breast through a physical examination.
  • Mammogram A mammogram is the next step to physical examination. It’s an X-Ray of the breast that is frequently used to diagnose breast cancer. A diagnostic mammogram is followed in the case of something atypical.  
  • Ultrasound An Ultrasound is employed to get the inner images so as to determine the rigidity of the breast lump if there is any.  
  • Biopsy If any abnormality or a lump is found, removing a sample of the breast cells and sending it for analysis in order to verify the type and the grade of the breast cancer is typically termed as a biopsy.  
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) An MRI is used in order to create definite pictures of the interiors of the breast with the help of injected dye.  

Some Facts on Breast Cancer

  •  Breast cancer is more regular in the case of elderly women.
  •  Interestingly, breast cancers are far more common in developed countries rather than developing or underdeveloped ones.
  •  A family history of breast cancer can increase your risk of breast cancer.
  •  Obesity and high alcohol consumption enhance the risk of breast cancer.
  •  In addition, women who have never been pregnant, giving birth to their first child at an older age, menopause at an older age, the period before the age of twelve are at higher risk of breast cancer.

Treatment

A team of specialists will determine the type, stage, and the grade of breast cancer and will decide on the best alternative for the treatment. And the treatments often include Biological Therapy, Radiation Therapy, Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, and Surgery. Breast cancer is now no longer an epidemic like it used to be. It can be cured easily with early diagnosis and an unwavering determination. In the regard, a healthy lifestyle is also important to keep breast cancer at bay.

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